•What is Naturopathy?
•What is Phytochemistry
•History of Aging
•Distal Injuries
•Over Exercising
•Adrenal Insufficiency
•Muscle Waisting
•Over Eating
•Repetitive Patterns
•Vit D Deficiency

What is Naturopathy?

Naturopathic practice includes the following diagnostic and therapeutic modalities: clinical and laboratory diagnostic testing, nutritional medicine, botanical medicine, naturopathic physical medicine (including naturopathic manipulative therapy), public health measures, hygiene, counseling, minor surgery, homeopathy,  acupuncture,  prescription medication, intravenous and injection therapy, and naturopathic obstetrics (natural childbirth).

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What is Phytochemistry?

“The branch of chemistry concerned with plants, their chemical composition and processes”

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How Chlorophyll Works

Photosynthesis can be divided into the energy-harvesting reactions of chlorophyll and the reduction of carbon dioxide to sugar in the Calvin cycle, making use of the energy absorbed by the chlorophyll.

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Patients Bill of Rights – Patients Advocate

•You, your family, and friends with your permission, have the right to participate in decisions about your care, your treatment, and services provided, including the right to refuse treatment to the extent permitted by law. If you leave the hospital against the advice of your doctor, the hospital and doctors will not be responsible for any medical consequences that may occur.

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Hippocrates the Father of Modern Medicine.

The ancient Greek physician Hippocrates is called the father of medicine. He changed the course of Greek medicine with his certainty that disease was not caused by gods or spirits but was the result of natural action.

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Hippocrates and Aloe Vera

Galen (AD 131-201), a physician to a Roman emperor, used Aloe vera as a healing agent. Galen authored over 100 books on herbal and conventional medicine. He gained his knowledge from doctoring the Roman gladiators. Galen followed after the works of Hippocrates and Aristotle.

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Hopi Indians

The Hopis are quite knowledgeable about the various medicinal properties of certain plants and herbs.

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Ashanika’s from South America and Herbs From the Amazon

In the community of Bajo Quimiriki, despite the vicinity to the city of Pichanaki, traditional plant knowledge has still a great importance in the daily life: 402 medicinal plants were indicated by the informants for the treatment of 155 different ailments and diseases.

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Ayervedic Medicine

Ayurveda is a holistic healing science which comprises of two words, Ayu and Veda. Ayu means life and Veda means knowledge or science. So the literal meaning of the word Ayurveda is the science of life. Ayurveda is a science dealing not only with treatment of some diseases but is a complete way of life.

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Chinese Medicine
The set of tools or techniques that have evolved from these foundational ideas are called the Five Pillars of Chinese Medicine and they consist of Acupuncture, Herbology, Moxibustion, Tui Na and Qi Gong.

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Bruce Lee

Bruce Lee Taking Martial Arts Further: Most don’t realize how eclectic Lee’s martial arts background was. Beyond kung fu, Lee also trained in western boxing where he won the 1958 boxing championship against Gary Elms by knockout in the third round. Lee also learned fencing techniques from his brother, Peter Lee (a champion in the sport). This varied background led to personal modifications to Wing Chun Gung Fu, calling his newer version of the
style, Jun Fan Gung Fu. In fact, Lee opened his first martial arts school in Seattle under the moniker, Lee Jun Fan Gung Fu Institute.

Jeet Kune Do: After a match against Wong Jack Man, Lee decided that he had failed to live up to his potential because of the rigidity of Wing Chun practices. Thus, he began to formulate a martial arts style that was practical for street fighting and existed outside of the parameters and limitations of other martial arts styles. In other words, what worked stayed and what didn’t went. This is how Jeet Kune Do was born in 1965. Lee opened two more schools after moving to California, only certifying three instructors in the art himself: Taky Kimura, James Yimm Lee, and Dan Inosanto.

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Story of Coconut oil and Cows Losing Weight

“In the l940s, farmers attempted to use cheap coconut oil for fattening their animals, but they found that it made them lean, active and hungry.”

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History of Aging

40,000 Year History of Aging Researcher Dan Buettner, who studies these populations for the National Geographic Society, calls these long-lived pockets Blue Zones. The top five Blue Zones may be relatively isolated and scattered around the globe, but here’s what they have in common, according to the New York Times:

• A cultural environment that reinforces healthy lifestyle habits like diet and exercise
• Healthy social relationships and psychological well-being
• People who tend to gardens
• People who have a cooperative spirit
• Public health that is easily accessible
• Seniors are valued as members of their family and the community

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Care Givers and Suicide Mental Effects

Compared with non caregivers, the following occur more often in caregivers:

• Depression and anxiety disorders, and these can persist, even after the death of the patient or placement in a nursing home—guilt often adding to this sad picture.
• Whenever we say “depression” the next thought must be “is suicide far behind?” and yes, there is a higher incidence of suicide among caregivers.
• Alcohol and other substance use—this has serious implications for driving and operating machinery as well as damage to health.

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Ways to Keep People Alive

The phrase “life support” refers to the medications and equipment used to keep people alive in medical situations. These people have one or more failing organs or organ systems, and would not be able to survive without assistance. The organs and organ systems that often fail and require life support are breathing (respiratory system); heart and blood pressure (cardiovascular system); kidney (renal system); and intestines (gastrointestinal system). The brain and spinal cord (central nervous system) may also fail, but in this case life support is directed at keeping the other body systems functioning so that the nervous system has time to return to a state where it can again support the other body functions. The most common types of life support are for the respiratory, cardiovascular, renal, and
gastrointestinal systems.

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The Effects of Aging

Elderly people occupy over 1/3 of all federally subsidized housing.

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Classic Definition of Aging

Aging: The process of becoming older, a process that is genetically determined and environmentally modulated.

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Ageism is a form of discrimination and prejudice, particularly experienced by seniors. Most seniors are mentally and physically active regardless of age with a great deal to contribute. However, societal norms marginalize seniors, treat them with disrespect, make them feel unwelcome and otherwise generalize as if they were all the same.

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Grass Juice Factor Study

Previous publications from this laboratory have shown that young grass contains a water-soluble growth-promoting sub stance (or substances) for the rat (Kohler et al., ’36, ’37) and the guinea pig (Kohler et al., ’38). It has also been shown that this factor is distinct from all other known nutritional essentials (Kohler et al., ’37, ’38). Cows grazing on good pastures or fed good quality roughage can transmit this factor to their milk (Johnson et al., ’39).

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Assene Gospels of Peace

But of all these, and more, that most precious gift of your Earthly Mother is the grass beneath your feet, even that grass which you tread upon without thought. Humble and meek is the angel of Earth, for she has no wings to fly, nor golden rays of light to pierce the mist. But great is her strength and vast is her domain, for she covers the earth with her power, and without her the Sons of Men would be no more, for no man can live without the grass, the trees and the plants of the Earthly Mother. And these are the gifts of the angel of Earth to the Sons of Men.

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The First Book of The Assene Gospels Of Peace – READ MORE

Spiritual teachings of Wheatgrass – READ MORE

The Monkey Story

The Japanese monkey, Macaca Fuscata, had been observed in the wild for a period of over 30 years. In 1952, on the island of Koshima, scientists were providing monkeys with sweet potatoes dropped in the sand. The monkey liked the taste of the raw sweet potatoes, but they found the dirt unpleasant. An 18-month-old female named Imo found she could solve the problem by washing the potatoes in a nearby stream. She taught this trick to her mother. Her playmates also learned this new way and they taught their mothers too.

This cultural innovation was gradually picked up by various monkeys before the eyes of the scientists. Between 1952 and 1958 all the young monkeys learned to wash the sandy sweet potatoes to make them more palatable. Only the adults who imitated their children learned this social improvement. Other adults kept eating the dirty sweet potatoes. Then something startling took place. In the autumn of 1958, a certain number of Koshima monkeys were washing sweet potatoes — the exact number is not known.

Let us suppose that when the sun rose one morning there were 99 monkeys on Koshima Island who had learned to wash their sweet potatoes. Let’s further suppose that later that morning, the hundredth monkey learned to wash potatoes. THEN IT HAPPENED! By that evening almost everyone in the tribe was washing sweet potatoes before eating them. The added energy of this hundredth monkey somehow created an ideological breakthrough!

But notice: A most surprising thing observed by these scientists was that the habit of washing sweet potatoes then jumped over the sea…Colonies of monkeys on other islands and the mainland troop of monkeys at Takasakiyama began washing their sweet potatoes. Thus, when a certain critical number achieves an awareness, this new awareness may be communicated from mind to mind. Although the exact number may vary, this Hundredth Monkey Phenomenon means that when only a limited number of people know of a new way, it may remain the conscious property of these people. But there is a point at which if only one more person tunes-in to a new awareness, a field is strengthened so that this awareness is picked up by almost everyone!

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Digestion and Chewing

Chewing and Obesity – READ MORE

AMES, Iowa — A new Iowa State University study confirms your mom was right, you should chew your food thoroughly. Mom’s logic was that proper chewing would ease digestion, but the ISU research found that chewing
food thoroughly — 40 times before swallowing — also reduces food intake in healthy young adults. The researchers studied 20 Iowa State students who were given a metronome and told to chew every time it ticked, with half chewing 15 times and the other half 40 times. Researchers monitored the subjects’ appetite and took blood samples to study plasma glucose levels and hormones.

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Good health is the result of what we assimilate and not necessarily what we eat. We can eat lots of food from all the food groups and still be malnourished. For the purpose of clarity, gulping down solids and liquid will do more harm to our bodies than good. Be warned that only solids and liquids that are properly assimilated can be utilized to perform the functions they are designed to do and that is rebuilding and repairing cells and other malfunctioning parts of the body. Proper assimilation is achieved by “drinking solid and chewing liquid foods.” For clarity, drink
your food and eat your drink at all times.

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Saliva and Chewing

Saliva is a viscous, transparent liquid secreted by cells of the salivary glands. An average of one liter of saliva is produced within the body each day. The body’s production of saliva is controlled by the Hypothalamus. Saliva is the initial endogenous chemical involved in the process of digestion and helps to neutralize acids that enter the body via the mouth. It also kills some types of detrimental bacteria in the mouth before it can enter the bloodstream.
Saliva moistens the mucous membranes of the mouth and helps to prevent tooth decay by cleansing the mouth of cariogenic carbohydrates and by neutralizing lactic acid. This inhibitive process is made possible because of the inclusion of sialin in the saliva. Other constituents of saliva include lactoferrin (a very important iron-binding protein), mucin – a glycoprotein responsible for saliva’s ability to moisten the mucous membranes of the mouth and water.

Another function of saliva is to enhance the ability of the taste buds to detect the taste of food. Saliva contains amylase (also known as Ptyalin or Salivary Amylase) which is responsible for the digestive functions of saliva. Amylase is one of the enzymes utilized in enzyme therapy (i.e. involving multiple enzymes, especially proteolytic enzymes) to break up (degrade) the immune complexes that are theorized to cause various autoimmune diseases including: v Multiple Sclerosis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. Pheromones are speculated to be present in human Saliva. Androsterone (a male Pheromone) is present in human Saliva (with higher concentrations in the saliva of males than that of females). Also, a small quantity of sodium chloride and urea is present in Saliva.

Of great interest is the inclusion of IgA (an antibody) in Saliva. This antibody plays a key role in our immunity as an important first line defense mechanism. In addition, IgA is speculated to play a role in the prevention of psoriasis (this is based on a case of psoriasis in which the patient exhibited absolute IgA deficiency).

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Distal Inguries

What does all of this overuse and injury mean to young, developing bodies? Injury during youth sports can increase the risk of knee, hip and ankle Osteoarthritis in adulthood. In fact, the risk of developing Osteoarthritis of the knee following an ACL injury is 50%.

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Social relationships—both quantity and quality—affect mental health, health behavior, physical health, and mortality risk. Sociologists have played a central role in establishing the link between social relationships and health outcomes, identifying explanations for this link, and discovering social variation (e.g., by gender and race) at the population level. Studies show that social relationships have shortand long-term effects on health, for better and for worse, and that these effects emerge in childhood and cascade throughout life to foster cumulative advantage or disadvantage in health. This article describes key research themes in the study of social relationships and health, and it highlights policy implications suggested by this research.

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The following is a list of the common symptoms of chronic toxicity. If you suffer from any of the following, detoxifying might be critical for you to get healthy and feel good again:

1. Fatigue
2. Muscle aches
3. Joint pain
4. Sinus congestion
5. Postnasal drip
6. Excessive sinus problems
7. Headaches
8. Bloating
9. Gas
12.Foul-smelling stools
14.Sleep problems
15.Difficulty concentrating
16.Food cravings
17.Water retention
18.Trouble losing weight
20.Skin problems
23.Canker sores
25.Puffy, dark circles under the eyes
26.Premenstrual syndrome
27.Other menstrual disorders
28.Bad breath

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The Krebs Cycle is the central metabolic pathway in all aerobic organisms.

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Precocious Puberty

Precocious puberty is when a child’s body begins changing into that of an adult (puberty) too soon. Puberty that begins before age 8 in girls and before age 9 in boys is considered precocious puberty. Puberty includes rapid growth of bones and muscles, changes in body shape and size, and development of the body’s ability to reproduce.

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Over Exercising

We have studied the effect of exhaustive concentric physical exercise on glutathione redox status and the possible relationship between blood glutathione oxidation and blood lactate and pyruvate levels. Levels of oxidized glutathione (GSSG) in blood increase after exhaustive concentric physical exercise in trained humans. GSSG levels were 72% higher immediately after exercise than at rest. They returned to normal values 1 h after exercise. Blood reduced glutathione (GSH) levels did not change significantly after the exercise.

We have found a linear relationship between GSSG-to-GSH and lactate-to-pyruvate ratios in human blood before, during, and after exhaustive exercise. In rats, physical exercise also caused an increase in blood GSSG levels that were 200% higher after physical exercise than at rest. GSH levels did not change significantly. Thus, both in rats and humans, exhaustive physical exercise causes a change in glutathione redox status in blood. We have also found that
antioxidant administration, i.e., oral vitamin C, N-acetyl-L-cysteine, or glutathione, is effective in preventing oxidation of the blood glutathione pool after physical exercise in rats.

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Adrenal Fatigue

Adrenal hormones, such as cortisol and aldosterone, play key roles in the functioning of the human body, such as regulating blood pressure; metabolism, the way the body uses digested food for energy; and the body’s response to stress. In addition, the body uses the adrenal hormone dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) to make androgens and
estrogens, the male and female sex hormones. Cortisol Cortisol belongs to the class of hormones called glucocorticoids, which affect almost every organ and tissue in the body. Cortisol’s most important job is to help the body respond to stress. Among its many tasks, cortisol helps:

• maintain blood pressure and heart and blood vessel function
• slow the immune system’s inflammatory response—how the
body recognizes and defends itself against bacteria, viruses, and
substances that appear foreign and harmful
• regulate metabolism

The amount of cortisol produced by the adrenal glands is precisely balanced. Like many other hormones, cortisol is regulated by the hypothalamus, which is a part of the brain, and the pituitary gland. First, the hypothalamus releases a “trigger” hormone called corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), which signals the pituitary gland to send out ACTH. ACTH stimulates the adrenal glands to produce cortisol. Cortisol then signals back to both the pituitary gland
and hypothalamus to decrease these trigger hormones.


Aldosterone belongs to the class of hormones called mineralocorticoids, also produced by the adrenal glands. Aldosterone helps maintain blood pressure and the balance of sodium and potassium in the blood. When aldosterone production falls too low, the body loses too much sodium and retains too much potassium. The decrease of sodium in the blood can lead to a drop in both blood volume—the amount of fluid in the blood—and blood pressure. Too little sodium in the body also can cause a condition called hyponatremia. Symptoms of hyponatremia include feeling confused and fatigued and having muscle twitches and seizures. Too much potassium in the body can lead to a condition called hyperkalemia. Hyperkalemia may have no symptoms; however, it can cause irregular heartbeat, nausea, and a slow, weak, or an irregular pulse.


Dehydroepiandrosterone is another hormone produced by the body’s adrenal glands. The body uses DHEA to make the sex hormones, androgen and estrogen. With adrenal insufficiency, the adrenal glands may not make enough DHEA. Healthy men derive most androgens from the testes. Healthy women and adolescent girls get most of their
estrogens from the ovaries. However, women and adolescent girls may have various symptoms from DHEA insufficiency, such as loss of pubic hair, dry skin, a reduced interest in sex, and depression.

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Dr Bernard Genson

Dr. Jensen was a pioneer in holistic and alternative health having spent 60 years of his career successfully treating patients in his health sanitariums and health ranches. Additionally he was a thought leader in the science and application of Iridology; providing extensive training programs and certification in Iridology to doctors and practitioners worldwide. Dr. Jensen has published more than 50 books and received global awards of distinction and recognition for his field of work and service to the global community in Iridology and nutrition.

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Weakened Adrenal Glands and Fatigue

A “Roadmap” in the Iris – It seems that in this day and age with all of our modern conveniences, people are more stressed than they have ever been before. This stress is taking a toll on our precious adrenal glands that faithfully produce adrenaline to help give us energy. Under stress, however, the adrenal glands become overworked, excessive amounts of adrenaline are produced, minerals are drained from the body and the body becomes acidic. Acids then drain calcium from the bones and tissues causing a myriad of illnesses including inflammation and osteoporosis. Excessive adrenaline also produces extra insulin that results in hypoglycemia and eventually diabetes. In order to break this vicious cycle, we need to stop and learn about the function of our adrenal glands and what we can do to keep them functioning in a balanced, healthy manner throughout each day of our lives.

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Adrenal Energy, Superhuman Strength

When we feel fear or are faced with a sudden dangerous situation, the human body undergoes an amazing change. The stressor — for example, the sight of your son pinned beneath a car — stimulates the hypothalamus. This region of the brain is responsible for maintaining the balance between stress and relaxation in your body. When it’s alerted to danger, it sends out a chemical signal to your adrenal glands, activating the sympathetic system, which sends the body into an excited state. These glands release adrenaline (epinephrine) and noradrenaline (norepinephrine), hormones that create the state of readiness that helps a human confront danger. Together, these hormones raise heart rate, increase respiration, dilate the pupils, slow down digestion and — perhaps most importantly — allow muscles to contract.

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Anne Wigmore

A decade or so after Dr. Nolfi had reversed her cancer, Ann, in poor health and suffering from colon cancer, began to incorporate the lessons she recalled learning as a child in Lithuania from her grandmother, the village doctor, who treated wounded soldiers with herbs during World War I. Using weeds and wheatgrass, she also healed her body and reversed the cancer. Witnessing the powerful healing properties of wheatgrass juice and other vitamin and enzymerich foods first-hand inspired her to spend the next 35 years of her life studying and educating others about natural healing and optimum nutrition.

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Saliva Testing for Adrenal Hormones

What is Saliva Testing?
Your adrenal glands are responsible for all of your responses to stress. Levels of the main adrenal hormone, cortisol, rise and fall in a daily pattern that underlies the more erratic fluctuations caused by the stress response. Cortisol output by your adrenal glands is one of the most reliable indicators of your adrenal function and how well your body is dealing with stress.

The Cortisol/DHEAS Saliva Test measures the levels of the stress hormones DHEAS and cortisol in your saliva,
and provides an evaluation of how cortisol levels differ throughout the day.

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Anger triggers the body’s ‘fight or flight’ response. Other emotions that trigger this response include fear, excitement and anxiety. The adrenal glands flood the body with stress hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol. The brain shunts blood away from the gut and towards the muscles, in preparation for physical exertion. Heart rate, blood pressure and respiration increase, the body temperature rises and the skin perspires. The mind is sharpened and focused.

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How Anger Fires Up the Heart

Emotions such as anger and hostility ramp up your “fight or flight” response. When that happens, stress hormones, including adrenaline and cortisol, speed up your heart rate and breathing. You get a burst of energy. Your blood vessels tighten. Your blood pressure soars. You’re ready to run for your life or fight an enemy. If this happens
often, it causes wear and tear on your artery walls. Research backs that up. In one report, researchers found that healthy people who are often angry or hostile are 19% more likely than calmer people to get heart disease. Among people with heart disease, those who usually feel angry or hostile fared worse than others. So if anger has you in its crosshairs, it’s time to shift the way you react to it.

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“Forgiveness is a medicine we give to other people so that we can be healed.” Studies have found that the act of forgiveness can reap huge rewards for your health, lowering the risk of heart attack; improving cholesterol levels and sleep; and reducing pain, blood pressure, and levels of anxiety, depression and stress. And research points to an increase in the forgiveness-health connection as you age.

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Mild to moderate dehydration is likely to cause:

• Dry, sticky mouth
• Sleepiness or tiredness — children are likely to be less
active than usual
• Thirst
• Decreased urine output
• No wet diapers for three hours for infants
• Few or no tears when crying
• Dry skin
• Headache
• Constipation
• Dizziness or lightheadedness
Severe dehydration, a medical emergency, can cause:
• Extreme thirst
• Extreme fussiness or sleepiness in infants and children;
irritability and confusion in adults
• Very dry mouth, skin and mucous membranes
• Little or no urination — any urine that is produced will be
darker than normal
• Sunken eyes
• Shriveled and dry skin that lacks elasticity and doesn’t
“bounce back” when pinched into a fold
• In infants, sunken fontanels — the soft spots on the top of a
baby’s head
• Low blood pressure
• Rapid heartbeat
• Rapid breathing
• No tears when crying
• Fever
• In the most serious cases, delirium or unconsciousness

Unfortunately, thirst isn’t always a reliable gauge of the body’s need for water, especially in children and older adults. A better indicator is the color of your urine: Clear or light-colored urine means you’re well hydrated, whereas a dark yellow or amber color usually signals dehydration.

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People Living for Desire

Kubzansky is at the forefront of such research. In a 2007 study that followed more than 6,000 men and women aged 25 to 74 for 20 years, for example, she found that emotional vitality—a sense of enthusiasm, of hopefulness, of engagement in life, and the ability to face life’s stresses with emotional balance—appears to reduce the risk of
coronary heart disease. The protective effect was distinct and measurable, even when taking into account such wholesome behaviors as not smoking and regular exercise.

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Hawkley studies the effects of loneliness and social connections on human health.

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Current research suggests that a carefully adapted set of yoga poses may reduce low-back pain and improve function. Other studies also suggest that practicing yoga (as well as other forms of regular exercise) might improve quality of life; reduce stress; lower heart rate and blood pressure; help relieve anxiety, depression, and insomnia; and improve overall physical fitness, strength, and flexibility.

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Many exercise studies on older adults include stretching exercises as part of a well-rounded exercise program. Unfortunately, there is no clear dose-response for flexibility training in older adults because stretching interventions are often combined with strengthening, balance, and cardiovascular activities, making it difficult to isolate stretching’s effectiveness.

Older adults may need longer stretch times than the recommended 15 to 30 seconds; Feland et al85 found that 60-second holds of static stretches were associated with greater improvements in hamstring flexibility in older adults compared to shorter duration holds. Ten weeks of static stretching of the trunk muscles was able to increase spinal mobility (combined flexion and extension ROM) in older adults. 86 Static stretching of the hip flexors and extensors may also improve gait in older adults.87 Furthermore, the effectiveness of type of stretching seems to be related to age and sex: men and older adults under 65 years respond better to contract-relax stretching, while women and older adults over 65 benefit more from static stretching.

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Muscle Atrophy

Muscle atrophy is when muscles waste away. The main reason for muscle wasting is a lack of physical activity. This can happen when a disease or injury makes it difficult or impossible for you to move an arm or leg. You may have muscle loss if one of your limbs appears smaller (not shorter) than the other. Schedule a physical exam to determine the cause of the loss. Your doctor will determine what treatment you need. In some cases, muscle wasting can be reversed with a proper diet, exercise, or physical therapy.

Causes of Muscle Atrophy

Unused muscles can waste away if you are not active. However, this takes time. Even after it begins, this type of atrophy can often be reversed with exercise and improved nutrition. Muscle atrophy can also happen if you are bedridden or unable to move certain body parts due to a medical condition. Astronauts are subject to some muscle atrophy after a few days of weightlessness. Other causes for muscle atrophy include:

• lack of physical activity (for any reason)
• aging
• alcohol-associated myopathy (pain and weakness in
muscles due to excessive drinking over long periods of time)
• burns
• injuries and broken bones
• malnutrition
• spinal cord injuries
• stroke
• long-term corticosteroid therapy

Diseases can cause muscles to waste away or can make movement difficult, leading to muscle atrophy. These include:

• amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, also known as Lou
Gehrig’s disease), which affects nerve cells that control voluntary
muscle movement
• dermatomyositis (a muscle disease)
• Guillain-Barre syndrome (an autoimmune disease that
leads to nerve inflammation and muscle weakness)
• multiple sclerosis (MS, an autoimmune disease that can
make it difficult to move)
• muscular dystrophy (an inherited disease that causes
muscle weakness)
• neuropathy (damage to a nerve or nerve group, resulting in
loss of sensation or function)
• osteoarthritis (the most common form of arthritis; causes
reduced motion in the joints)
• polio (a viral disease affecting muscle tissue that can lead
to paralysis)
• polymyositis (an inflammatory disease)
• rheumatoid arthritis (an autoimmune disease)
• spinal muscular atrophy (SMA, a hereditary disease
causing arm and leg muscles to waste away)
Signs of Muscle Atrophy
You may have muscle atrophy if:
• one of your arms or legs is noticeably smaller than the
• you are experiencing marked weakness in one limb
• you have been physically inactive

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Psychoneuroimmunology is a relatively new field of study that investigates interactions between behavior and the immune system, mediated by the endocrine and nervous systems. The immune and central nervous system (CNS)
maintain extensive communication. On the one hand, the brain modulates the immune system by hardwiring sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves (autonomic nervous system) to lymphoid organs. On the other hand,
neuroendocrine hormones such as corticotrophin-releasing hormone or substance P regulate cytokine balance.

Vice versa, the immune system modulates brain activity including sleep and body temperature. Based on a close functional and anatomical link, the immune and nervous systems act in a highly reciprocal manner. From fever to stress, the influence of one system on the other has evolved in an intricate manner to help sense danger and to mount an appropriate adaptive response. Over recent decades, reasonable evidence has emerged that these brain-to-immune interactions are highly modulated by psychological factors which influence immunity and immune system-mediated disease.

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Over Eating

Your body needs food to survive. However, the very process of extracting energy from food—metabolizing food—creates stress on your body. Overeating creates even more stress on the body. That’s part of the reason why it can lead to a shorter lifespan and serious health problems common among older people, including cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.

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Chewing and Health

The longer you chew, the more time it will take you to finish a meal, and research shows that eating slowly can help you to eat less and, ultimately, to avoid weight gain or even lose weight. For example, chewing your food twice as long as you normally would will instantly help you control your portion sizes, which naturally decreases calorie

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When you’re deprived of sleep, your brain can’t function properly, affecting your cognitive abilities and emotional state. If it continues long enough, it can lower your body’s defenses, putting you at risk of developing chronic illness. The more obvious signs of sleep deprivation are excessive sleepiness, yawning, and irritability. Chronic sleep deprivation can interfere with balance, coordination, and decision-making abilities. You’re at risk falling asleep during the day, even if you fight it. Stimulants like caffeine are not able to override your body’s profound need for sleep.

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Vitamin D Deficiency

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that plays a role in many important body functions. It is best known for working with calcium in your body to help build and maintain strong bones. Vitamin D is also involved in regulating the immune system and cells, where it may help prevent cancer. Your body stores vitamin D and can make it when your skin is exposed to sunlight. Vitamin D is also found in some foods, mostly ones like milk that have been fortified with vitamin D. There are two forms of vitamin D: ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3).

Some research suggests that cholecalciferol is better at raising levels of vitamin D in the blood. In children, a vitamin D deficiency can cause rickets, a disease that results in soft, weak bones. In adults, many people may not be getting enough vitamin D, especially those who live in northern areas (like the northern half of the U.S.) and the elderly. People with dark skin do not absorb sunlight as easily as those with light skin, so their risk of low
vitamin D is even higher. One study of childbearing women in the Northern U.S. found that 54% of African-American women and 42% of white women had low levels of vitamin D. That’s important because researchers are beginning to find that low levels of vitamin D may be linked to other diseases, including breast and colon cancer, prostate cancer, high blood pressure, depression, and obesity.  The evidence doesn’t prove that too little vitamin D causes these conditions, but that people with higher levels of vitamin D are less likely to get these diseases.

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Electronics Effecting Our Health

One of the most simple but important reasons technology affects our sleep is cognitive stimulation. As your brain revs up, its electrical activity increases and neurons start to race — the exact opposite of what should be happening before sleep. A second reason has to do with your body: The physical act of responding to a video game or even an email makes your body tense, explains Rosekind. As you get stressed, your body can go into a “fight or flight” response, and as a result, cortisol, a stress hormone produced by the adrenal gland, is released, creating a situation hardly conducive to sleep.

That “glow” from electronics is also at work against quality shuteye. The small amounts of light from these devices pass through the retina into a part of the hypothalamus (the area of the brain that controls several sleep activities) and delay the release of the sleep-inducing hormone, melatonin.

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Unless you’re traveling through a remote rural area—by bike, feet, or horse and buggy—you are subject to the health risks from electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and magnetic radiation. Cars, trucks, buses, trains, planes, boats and even motorcycles all create dangerous electromagnetic radiation. What’s more, highways and train tracks typically run alongside power lines, another major source of electromagnetic radiation. These harmful fields can layer, one upon the other, creating a toxic soup of radiation. While the electrical component of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) can be shielded, the magnetic fields that are part of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) penetrate concrete, steel and human
bodies. (Which is why they’re great for x-rays!) Widely published, peer reviewed scientific studies document the many effects of high EMF exposure, from fatigue to chromosome damage that can lead to cancer and other serious illnesses.

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Keeping Healthy While Flying

Keep Active, Eat Little, Hydrate your skin, Bolster the Immune System.

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For years, meditation fans have said that the practice keeps them healthy. But a new study, published in the journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes in November 2012, actually tested this. For the study, 201 people with coronary heart disease were asked to either (a) take a health education class promoting better diet and exercise or (b) take a class on transcendental meditation. Researchers followed up with participants for the next five
years and found that those who took the meditation class had a 48% reduction in their overall risk of heart attack, stroke and death. It’s an initial study, but a promising one.

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On average, a person at rest takes about 16 breaths per minute. This means we breathe about 960 breaths an hour, 23,040 breaths a day, 8,409,600 a year. Unless we get a lot of exercise. The person who lives to 80 will take about 672,768,000 breaths in a lifetime.

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Breathing and the Brain

We can change how we breathe, and to an extent change how breathing affects our bodies.
Controlled breathing, also known as “paced respiration,” “diaphragmatic breathing” and “deep breathing,” has long been a feature of Eastern health practices (1) inhaling deeply through the nose for a count of five or so, making
sure that the abdomen expands, (2) holding the breath for a moment, and (3) exhaling completely through the mouth for a count longer than the inhalation.

What follows are five science-based reasons for paying more attention to an ability most of us aren’t maximizing.
Controlled breathing may be the most potent tool we have to prevent our brains from keeping us in a state of stress, and preventing subsequent damage caused by high stress levels. The relaxation response is a built-in way to keep stress in check. Managing Anxiety and Breathing The means by which controlled breathing triggers the parasympathetic nervous system is linked to stimulation of the vagus nerve a nerve running from the base of the brain to the abdomen, responsible for mediating nervous system responses and lowering heart rate, among
other things. The vagus nerve releases a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine that catalyzes increased focus and calmness. A direct benefit of more acetylcholine is a decrease in feelings of anxiety. Stimulating the
vagus nerve may also play a role in treating depression, even in people who are resistant to anti-depressant medications.

Lowering Blood Pressure and Heart Rate

Research suggests that when practiced consistently, controlled breathing will result in lower blood pressure and heart rate, which in turn results in less wear and tear on blood vessels. As described above, the vagus nerve plays a key role in this response. Over time, using controlled breathing to lower blood pressure and heart rate can help prevent stroke and lower risk of cerebral aneurysm.

Sparking Brain Growth

One of the more intriguing research developments involving controlled breathing is that when it’s used to facilitate meditation, the result can be an actual increase in brain size. Specifically, the brain experiences growth in areas associated with attention and processing of sensory input. The effect seems to be more noticeable in older people, which is especially good news because it’s the reverse of what typically happens as we age—gray matter usually becomes thinner. The result is consistent with other research showing an increase in thickness of music areas of the brain in musicians and visual-motor areas in the brains of jugglers. As in those cases, the key is consistent practice
over time.

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Anti-Aging: Lesson 1 —